The majority of foods that star athletes promote are nutrient-poor, which may encourage young people to adopt bad eating habits. The top 100 athletes endorsed 512 brands, with sporting goods and apparel representing the largest category at 28.3%, followed by food and drinks at 23.8%. Most of the food and beverage endorsements were for sports drinks, soft drinks, and fast food. 93% of the endorsed beverages received 100% of their calories from added sugars. 79% of the food products were energy-dense and nutrient-poor.
Pediatrics, October 2013
Scientists have observed that the appetites of some species of fish can increase in warmer water. Rising ocean surface temperatures caused by climate change could result in some fish accumulating greater concentrations of mercury in their bodies, posing a health risk to people who eat seafood.
PLoS ONE, October 2013
Adding walnuts (a healthy plant source of omega-3 fatty acids) to a high-fat meal appears to benefit the arteries of people with high cholesterol. Researchers compared how arteries were affected by five teaspoons of olive oil versus eight walnuts when added to a fatty meal. While both walnuts and olive oil decreased inflammation, walnuts increased the elasticity and flexibility of the arteries (flow-mediated dilation, or FMD) in high cholesterol patients by 24%. In comparison, high-cholesterol patients who consumed olive oil showed a 36% decrease in FMD.
American Journal of Cardiology, 2006
Observational research indicates that those who regularly exercise have 19% reduced risk of esophageal cancer. According to Dr. Siddharth Singh, a gastroenterologist at the Mayo Clinic, “Esophageal cancer is a deadly disease. On average only 1 in 6 people survive to 5 years, and that’s with chemotherapy and radiation as well as surgery. It’s an intensive treatment. So we would be best served if we can prevent this cancer, especially in patients with high risk for developing [esophageal cancer].”
American College of Gastroenterology, October 2013
118 patients with diagnosed unilateral hip osteoarthritis received either patient education (PE) with or without manual therapy (MT, performed by a chiropractor), or a minimum control intervention (MCI) consisting of an at-home stretching program. The study found that the combination of patient education and manual therapy to be the most effective of the three treatment options. Interestingly, MCI outperformed PE alone (no MT) suggesting that the primary benefit in the PE & MT group was the manual therapy delivered via chiropractic care.
Osteoarthritis Cartilage, October 2013
A regular five meal pattern – breakfast, lunch, dinner and two snacks a day – was associated with a reduced risk of being overweight or obese. Skipping breakfast was associated with a greater BMI and waist circumference.
PLoS One, October 2013